Quiz Questions Answer Key

Chapter Eight

1. The term introduced in the chapter that refers to the note-by-note expansion of a raga in performance (as well as other manifestations of a raga’s “growth”) is
b. barhat

2. Although India has great religious diversity, the majority of the population is
b. Hindu

3. The oldest style of Hindu religious chant, based on ancient Hindu scriptures, is
a. Vedic chant

4. A distinctive difference of Sufism compared to other forms of Islam is that in Sufism
c. it is believed that music may serve as a pathway to the divine

5. Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan became an international star singing a style of Sufi music called
c. qawwali

6. The “two great traditions” of Indian classical music discussed in the chapter are
b. Hindustani and Karnatak

7. Bhangra is a musical style that
d. all of the above

8. Hindustani and Karnatak music are similar in that they both
d. A and B, but not C

9. Hindustani and Karnatak music are different in that
c. the specific ragas, talas, and music-related terminologies differ in the two traditions

10. Which of the following features is NOT a part of traditional Indian classical music?
b. harmonized melody

11. Members of a gharana are typically united by
b. a shared style or approach to musical performance practice

12. According to Ravi Shankar’s “An Introduction to Indian Music,” a raga is
c. a precise melody form

13. Which of the following define a Hindustani raga?
d. all of the above

14. Which of the following is NOT a standard feature of a tala?
c. a flexible rhythmic pattern in which the number of beats can change from one cycle to the next

15. The alap section of a raga features
b. melodic improvisation

16. The gat section of a raga features
d. all of the above

17. During the gat, the “growth” of a raga is evident in
d. B and C, but not A

18. The skeletal drum pattern that outlines the basic rhythmic structure of a tala is called the
b. theka

19. The “empty” or weak beat in a tala cycle, marked by a silent wave of the hand when keeping tal, is called
c. khali

20. A rhythmic pattern that is repeated three times in succession at the conclusion of a performance is called a
a. tihai

21. Ravi Shankar believed that Indian raga and American jazz
c. were resolutely distinct, despite the fact that both feature improvisation and exciting rhythms

22. Although Ravi Shankar was generally tolerant of new contexts for Indian music, he was strongly opposed to
c. the use of drugs by audience members at Indian music concerts

23. Which of the following influential recordings was the first to be recorded?
b. Ravi Shankar and Bud Shank’s Improvisations

24. The group Shakti
a. featured John McLaughlin on guitar

25. Playback singers are famous in India for __________ in Bollywood films.
c. singing, but not appearing