Chapter 4—How Music Works, Part II: Pitch
Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. 1998-2002. Routledge.
A ten volume series on music around the world. Each volume is devoted to a region, with articles by ethnomusicologists and other music scholars on a wide range of topics including musicians, musical styles, social practice, musical instruments, history, and many others.
Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/
This source provides in-depth information on musical styles, musical instruments, musicians, performance practice, and many other subjects. Grove Music Online includes full text of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, New Grove Dictionary of Opera, New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, and Encyclopedia of Popular Music.
Clendinning, Jane Piper and Elizabeth West Marvin. 2004. The Musician’s Guide to Theory and Analysis.
This widely used introductory music theory textbook is a good supplement to the basic coverage of this chapter for course instructors, and especially for instructors and students in courses enrolling music majors. At the time of this writing, the second edition was in press. Companion aural skills volume is also recommended.
Spencer, Peter. 2004. Music Theory for Non-Music Majors. 3rd ed. Prentice-Hall.
This practical introductory textbook for non-music majors can be used effectively by instructors and students as a supplement to this chapter.
Tenzer, Michael (ed.). 2006. Analytical Studies in World Music. Oxford University Press.
In this edited volume of analytical essays, leading ethnomusicologists and music theorists address musical traditions and styles of many world regions: Balinese, Javanese, Iranian, Afro-Cuban, Chinese, Indian, Bulgarian, Spanish (flamenco), and Western art music (Mozart, Elliott Carter). This book is written at an advanced level that will be mainly appropriate for course instructors and music majors.
Wade, Bonnie C. 2008. Thinking Musically: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture. Global Music Series. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
This brief book constructs a framework for studying music, addressing musical instruments and the elements of music in different cultural contexts, and considering the role of gender, ethnicity, and other cultural factors on musical performance and perception.