1. Pitch is most closely related to
2. We can apply letter names (A, B, C, etc.) to notes in Western music if they have
a. determinate pitch
3. An ascending and/or descending series of notes of different pitch is
b. a scale
4. When two pitches sound the same, but one is higher than the other, we say they are
a. an octave apart
5. Playing all 12 pitches within an octave on the piano from low to high yields what is known as the _______ scale.
6. The pentatonic scale contains ________ pitches per octave.
7. The main difference between a major scale and a minor scale is
b. the interval between the second and third scale degrees is smaller in the minor scale
8. A well-known scale influenced by African scales is the ________ scale.
9. Moving from one key to another is called
10. The number of distinct, recognized pitches within an octave is __________ in Indian and Middle Eastern pitch systems than in Western music.
11. When we describe notes as staccato or legato we are talking about
12. Ornamentation refers to
d. decorating the the main pitches of a melody
13. A mode may be defined by
d. all of the above
14. When two or more different pitches are sound simultaneously this yields a
15. When each note of a melody becomes the basis of its own chord, this is called
16. The distance in pitch from the lowest to the highest note refers to melodic
17. The overall “shape” of a melody defines its melodic
18. In Western music the first scale degree is called the
19. The distance between any two notes is called an
20. A chord that is performed one note after the other rather than with all the notes sounded simultaneously is
d. an arpeggio
21. Since the slendro scale of Indonesian gamelan music has five pitches per octave, we know that
a. it is one type of pentatonic scale
22. If you were to sing the first three notes of the melody of “Mary Had a Little Lamb” (E-D-C) for an ’Are’Are musician and ask him about it, he would probably say that
b. the melodic direction was ascending