Chapter 3—How Music Works, Part I: Rhythm
Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. 1998-2002. Routledge.
A ten volume series on music around the world. Each volume is devoted to a region, with articles by ethnomusicologists and other music scholars on a wide range of topics including musicians, musical styles, social practice, musical instruments, history, and many others.
Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/
This source provides in-depth information on musical styles, musical instruments, musicians, performance practice, and many other subjects. Grove Music Online includes full text of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, New Grove Dictionary of Opera, New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, and Encyclopedia of Popular Music.
Montfort, Matthew. 1985. Ancient Traditions—Future Possibilities: Rhythmic Training through the Traditions of Africa, Bali, and India. Ancient Future Music.
An interesting book that provides useful introductions to the musical and cultural traditions covered and an abundance of music performance exercises and activities that increase knowledge and rhythmic skills.
Tenzer, Michael (ed.). 2006. Analytical Studies in World Music. Oxford University Press.
In this edited volume of analytical essays, leading ethnomusicologists and music theorists address musical traditions and styles of many world regions: Balinese, Javanese, Iranian, Afro-Cuban, Chinese, Indian, Bulgarian, Spanish (flamenco), and Western art music (Mozart, Elliott Carter). This book is written at an advanced level that will be mainly appropriate for course instructors and music majors.
Wade, Bonnie C. 2008. Thinking Musically: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture. Global Music Series. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press.
This brief book constructs a framework for studying music, addressing musical instruments and the elements of music in different cultural contexts, and considering the role of gender, ethnicity, and other cultural factors on musical performance and perception.