Additional Reading

Chapter 5—How Music Works, Part III: Dynamics, Timbre, and Instruments

Further Reading

General Sources:

Baines, Anthony. The Oxford Companion to Musical Instruments. Oxford University Press.

This is an authoritative and useful reference source on the subject of musical instruments.

Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. 1998-2002. Routledge.

A ten volume series on music around the world. Each volume is devoted to a region, with articles by ethnomusicologists and other music scholars on a wide range of topics including musicians, musical styles, social practice, musical instruments, history, and many others.

Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press.

This source provides in-depth information on musical styles, musical instruments, musicians, performance practice, and many other subjects. Grove Music Online includes full text of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, New Grove Dictionary of Opera, New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, and Encyclopedia of Popular Music.

Musical Instruments of the World: An Illustrated Encyclopedia with More than 4000 Original Drawings. 2001. The Diagram Group/Sterling Publishing.

Richly illustrated encyclopedia organized by Hornbostel-Sachs classificatory categories and world regions.

Other Sources:

Tenzer, Michael (ed.). 2006. Analytical Studies in World Music. Oxford University Press.

In this edited volume of analytical essays, leading ethnomusicologists and music theorists address musical traditions and styles of many world regions: Balinese, Javanese, Iranian, Afro-Cuban, Chinese, Indian, Bulgarian, Spanish (flamenco), and Western art music (Mozart, Elliott Carter). This book is written at an advanced level that will be mainly appropriate for course instructors and music majors.